Hot Isostatic Pressing and Cold Isostatic Pressing Applications

Offshore Oil and Gas Manifold



Examples of Hot Isostatically Pressed PM


PM Offshore Oil and Gas Manifold

  • Net shape on ID and OD surfaces
  • Only machined on mating faces
  • Welded into 40 ft assemblies
  • Lighter in weight than comparable wrought components

Steam ChestPM Steam Chest

  • The can at top shows complex inner detail
  • The finished part at bottom is machined only on mating faces
  • 12% Cr steel


Consolidation of metal powder

Processing of encapsulated metal powders by hot isostatic pressing consolidation has been used extensively since 1970. Major uses include billet preforms for forging/extrusion and near-net shape fabrication. The capsule material is usually stainless or carbon steel. After HIP, the container is removed by chemical etching or machining. Containers are fabricated to high quality standards to ensure a hermetic seal exists around powder or green compact. Ceramic and glass containers also are used for some applications.


Densification of cemented carbides

Hot isostatic pressing is a particularly effective process for removing internal flaws from sintered carbides. The carbide powder is cold pressed, dewaxed, sintered, and then subjected to HIP to eliminate residual porosity. It is widely accepted that for critical applications where increased strength is required, the HIP process greatly improves cemented carbides.


Sinter HIP

Conventional sintering produces parts containing some micro and macro porosity which is detrimental to strength and surface integrity when polished. Sinter hot isostatic pressing is used for vacuum or atmospheric sintering of parts with the introduction of gas to create moderate pressurization at the end of the sinter cycle.


Metal Injection Molding (MIM)

MIM Design AwardsMetal injection molding components typically are greater than 95% of theoretical density as sintered. In some cases, typically for high-performance applications, the extra process of hot isostatic pressing is utilized to close any residual pores by the simultaneous application of heat and pressure, increasing part integrity, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance.

Examples of Hot Isostatic Pressed MIM Components:



  • Fuel injection valve components
  • Turbocharger adjustment vanes

Hot Isostatic Press Fixture with metal injection moldingFirearms

  • Firing pins
  • Trigger
  • Trigger guard
  • Barrel
  • Frame


  • Surgical tools
  • Dental implants

Isostatic Pressing PartCASTING

Examples of Hot Isostatic Pressed Castings


Turbine engine components

  • Structural castings
  • Blades
  • Vanes

Orthopedic implants

  • Spine
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Shoulder
  • Dental implants     *also made using metal injection molding
  • Surgical tools     *also made using metal injection molding

Isostatic Press PartAirframe Castings

  • Aluminum and titanium alloys
  • Replace machined slabs and fabrications

Commercial castings

  • Turbocharger wheels
  • Pump bodies
  • Valve components
  • Firearm parts
  • Sterile enclosures
  • High vacuum materials




Metal Additive Manufacturing / 3D Printing

3d printed partsA growing number of metals and metal composites are used for industrial grade additive manufacturing/3D printing. Stainless steel, aluminum, titanium, and cobalt are just a few. Hot isostatic pressing processing is expected to be utilized for high-performance applications and is currently specified on many aerospace components.


Examples of hot isostatic pressed metal additive manufacturing components:


  • Fuel nozzle
  • Turbine blades
  • Combustor chamber


  • Cranio-maxillofacial implant
  • Acetabular cups

For more detailed information on how isostatic pressing can be used, visit our case studies section.

Case Studies